Join us on Facebook
Watch us on YouTube

Semen Analysis/Andrology

Semen Analysis and Other Infertility Testing Procedures for Men

Like many medical problems, infertility can be caused by any of a number of conditions or factors. In order to treat the problem, we must understand its source. When a couple seeks out fertility treatment for the first time, a series of tests are performed to help identify the cause or causes of their infertility. For men, a semen analysis is the first infertility testing procedure performed at our Fort Lauderdale-area practice in Florida, but additional tests will most likely be necessary to pinpoint any specific problems.

Semen Analysis

A semen analysis is generally the first infertility testing procedure performed during a couple's fertility assessment because it is non-invasive and can tell us a great deal. The semen is collected by masturbation into a sterile specimen cup and sent immediately to our lab. There, the sample will be examined and several measurements will be taken. Among these are quantity of semen, concentration of sperm, sperm motility, and sperm morphology.


The quantity or volume of semen can vary a good deal, but generally falls within the range of one and a half to five milliliters. When the volume is notably lower than the bottom of this range, it can indicate a prostate or seminal vesicle defect and sperm may not be delivered effectively to the cervix. If the volume is too high, it can decrease concentration, which also impairs effective delivery of the sperm.


The concentration of sperm cells is the semen analysis measurement commonly referred to as the sperm count. This value can fluctuate significantly, but is generally considered normal whenever the number of sperm per milliliter is at or above 20 million. A diagnosis of low sperm count during infertility testing can mean several things. For instance, there may be a problem with the production of sperm or there may be a physical obstruction that is inhibiting the normal movement of sperm from the testes.


Sperm that move normally are considered "motile." The ability of sperm to move through the female reproductive system toward the egg is necessary for conception. Although a semen analysis always detects a certain percentage of sperm cells that move irregularly or do not move at all, when the majority of sperm show poor motility, the chances of conception are significantly decreased. The most common causes of poor motility are varicoceles and infections. Additional infertility testing procedures will usually be performed to identify the source of the problem.


In a semen analysis, morphology refers to the shape of sperm. A normal sperm cell has an oval head and a single thin tail. Abnormally shaped sperm, such as those with an additional tail or a misshapen head, are not considered capable of fertilization. When a significant number of abnormally shaped sperm are found, additional infertility testing is usually needed to determine what is affecting their production.

Physical Examination

Some of the most common causes of male infertility can only be identified during a physical examination. By checking the reproductive organs for size, firmness, position, and swelling, an experienced urologist can identify or rule out a range of common problems.

If the results of the semen analysis indicate a possible blockage, ultrasound or x-ray examination may also be used to determine if and where an obstruction exists.

Hormonal Workup

A hormonal workup is a simple infertility testing procedure that involves measuring the levels of testosterone, FSH, and LH in the blood. High or low levels of any of these hormones can have significant effects on male reproductive potential and may indicate an underlying fertility problem that requires treatment.

Contact Us in the Southeastern Fort Lauderdale, Florida Area

If you have additional questions about how a semen analysis or other infertility testing procedure at our Fort Lauderdale, Florida-area practice is performed, or what it can reveal, please contact our offices.

What's New at IVF FLORIDA

We are proud to announce that Dr. David I. Hoffman, Dr. Stephen J. Ory, Dr. Marcello Barrionuevo, Dr. Michael D. Graubert and Dr. Cabrera were selected as South Florida Super Doctors in addition to US News and World Report Top Doctors.

We are proud to announce that...

Dr. David I. Hoffman, Dr. Stephen J. Ory, Dr. Marcello Barrionuevo and Dr. Gene F. Manko were selected as South Florida Super Doctors in addition to US News and World Report Top Doctors.


> Learn More
Fertility Medications Now More Convenient Than Ever

Ask us today about our EXCLUSIVE finance options

IVF FLORIDA is happy to announce EXCLUSIVE finance options. We recognize that the cost of fertility treatment can be high and we have worked hard to provide a number of finance plans and options to help the needs of most of our patients. 

> Learn More
Donor Egg Bank USA

IVF FLORIDA is proud to announce its partnership with Donor Egg Bank USA

> Learn More


Trying to have a baby?


Wednesday, April 30th at our Margate location from 6pm-8pm. 

> Learn More
Oocyte Freezing – Now A Proven Approach at IVF FLORIDA

Oocyte Freezing – Now A Proven Approach at IVF FLORIDA

The team of specialists and scientist have spent the past few years perfecting their approach to oocyte freezing. And now we are able to celebrate that we have proven success for patients in South Florida. Whether you are considering freezing eggs due to medical or other reasons, you can be confident in knowing that our technique and protocols have been validated and have achieved ongoing pregnancies.

Learn More
Third Party Reproduction - Building Families Through Egg Donors and Gestational Carriers

Third Party Reproduction - Building Families Through Egg Donors and Gestational Carriers

If you are unable to achieve pregnancy on your own, the Third Party Reproduction services at IVF FLROIDA can provide you with a vast array of opportunities. Whether you are married, single or in a same sex relationship, we are able to review your options and put you on the path to parenthood. At IVF FLORIDA we maintain a proprietary egg donor database to help keep costs as low as possible. We also work with excellent recruiting agencies from around the region.

Learn More
Register for our FREE Seminars and Workshops

Register for our FREE Seminars and Workshops

Making the decision to proceed with advanced reproductive treatments can be an emotional and financial burden. And trying to determine the best possible route for you can even be harder. To help you learn more about causes of infertility and the options that are available to you, we offer a series of seminars and workshops that are absolutely no cost to you. Whether you wish to speak with a physician or learn more about affording treatment, we are here to help.

Learn More

How to Find Us

Maps & Directions

Fertility Financing

Financing & Discount Options

Get the Latest News

Third Party Reproduction
& Egg Donors

Learn More

Become an Egg Donor

Learn More

Fertility Financing

Financing & Discount Options